Citation

Publications and research reports based on the IPUMS data must cite it appropriately. Recommended citations for the current version of each project are listed below. In addition, publications and research reports making use of IPUMS data should be added to our Bibliography

IPUMS USA

Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas and Matthew Sobek. IPUMS USA: Version 10.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2020. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V10.0

IPUMS CPS

Sarah Flood, Miriam King, Renae Rodgers, Steven Ruggles and J. Robert Warren. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series, Current Population Survey: Version 7.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2020. https://doi.org/10.18128/D030.V7.0

IPUMS International

Minnesota Population Center. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series, International: Version 7.2 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2019. https://doi.org/10.18128/D020.V7.2

Researchers should also acknowledge the statistical agencies that originally produced the data, listed here. All emails sent by the IPUMS International data extract system provide model acknowledgment text for crediting the relevant statistical offices.

IPUMS DHS

Elizabeth Heger Boyle, Miriam King and Matthew Sobek. IPUMS-Demographic and Health Surveys: Version 7 [dataset]. Minnesota Population Center and ICF International, 2019. https://doi.org/10.18128/D080.V7

Sample-specific citations are also available on the IPUMS DHS citation page.

IPUMS PMA

Elizabeth Heger Boyle, Devon Kristiansen and Matthew Sobek. IPUMS PMA: Version 4.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2020. https://doi.org/10.18128/D081.V4.0

Users should also cite the PMA source data appropriately for each sample used, according to the following framework:

Performance Monitoring for Action (PMA), [the name of the relevant PMA partner institution(s)]. [Survey year]. [Country]. Baltimore, MD: PMA2020, Bill & Melinda Gates Institute for Population and Reproductive Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.

Specific information for each partner institution is available on the IPUMS PMA citation page.

IPUMS NHGIS

Steven Manson, Jonathan Schroeder, David Van Riper, and Steven Ruggles. IPUMS National Historical Geographic Information System: Version 14.0 [Database]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS. 2019. http://doi.org/10.18128/D050.V14.0

IPUMS Terra

Steven Ruggles, Steven M. Manson, Tracy A. Kugler, David A. Haynes II, David C. Van Riper, and Maryia Bakhtsiyarava. IPUMS Terra: Integrated Data on Population and Environment: Version 2 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D090.V2

IPUMS ATUS

Sandra L. Hofferth, Sarah M. Flood, Matthew Sobek and Daniel Backman. American Time Use Survey Data Extract Builder: Version 2.8 [dataset]. College Park, MD: University of Maryland and Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2020. https://doi.org/10.18128/D060.V2.8

IPUMS AHTUS

Kimberly Fisher, Jonathan Gershuny, Sarah M. Flood, Joan Garcia Roman and Sandra L. Hofferth. American Heritage Time Use Study Extract Builder: Version 1.2 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D061.V1.2

IPUMS MTUS

Kimberly Fisher, Jonathan Gershuny, Sarah M. Flood, Daniel Backman and Sandra L. Hofferth. Multinational Time Use Study Extract System: Version 1.3 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2019. https://doi.org/10.18128/D062.V1.3

IPUMS NHIS

Lynn A. Blewett, Julia A. Rivera Drew, Miriam L. King and Kari C.W. Williams. IPUMS Health Surveys: National Health Interview Survey, Version 6.4 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2019. https://doi.org/10.18128/D070.V6.4

IPUMS MEPS

Lynn A. Blewett, Julia A. Rivera Drew, Risa Griffin and Kari C.W. Williams. IPUMS Health Surveys: Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, Version 1.1 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2019. https://doi.org/10.18128/D071.V1.1

IPUMS Higher Ed

Minnesota Population Center. IPUMS Higher Ed: Version 1.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota, 2016. https://doi.org/10.18128/D100.V1.0